Sacred places of West Ukraine

Sacred places of West Ukraine (Pidkamin' - Pochaiv - Kremenets)

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Arrival: 19.08.2018
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Sacred places of West Ukraine

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Sacred places of West Ukraine

One day trip to 3 old towns of Lviv region will open a possibility for every tourist to open the part of the history of glorious Ukraine. While visiting the architectural masterpieces of all towns you will think once more over the past and look into the future. You will walk along the street of ancient cities, discover religious and cultural aspects of our country, plunge into the heroic past and even attend an ethno festival held every year in a summer period in Pidkamin. If you have an opportunity you are welcome to do this trip.

Pidkamin'
The village takes its name (translatable into English as "below the rock") from an inselberg, called the "devils rock", located on the adjacent hill. Pidkamin became know for a Dominican monastery. It was first established, by twelve monks from a monastery established by Saint Hyacinth in Kiev, who were forced to flee from the city when it was ravaged by Mongols. During the 17th century a fortified abbey was constructed. Pidkamin hosted a wonder working icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary (a copy of the famous Protectress of the Roman People from the Santa Maria Maggiore Basilica in Rome), crowned in 1727 by the Latin Rite bishop of Lutsk Stefan Rupniewski, assisted by other Roman and Greek Catholic bishops, with a crown conferred by Pope Benedict XIII. After World War II the icon was removed from Pidkamin to rescue it from communists and today remains in the Dominican church of St. Adalbert in Wroclaw, Poland. During World War I Pidkamin was largely destroyed by Russian artillery in 1915. After World War II in 1946 the monastery was closed by the soviets and turned into a jail. Later the monastery was used as psychiatric hospital, which still exists, and the church was turned into a stable. After the collapse of the soviet union and the emergence of independent Ukraine, the ruins of the monastery were given to Ukrainian Greek Catholic Studite Monks.

Pochaiv
It is the eastern orthodox monastery (lavra) in Pochaiv (Ternopol region). It is the most sacred eastern orthodox holy place in Volyn and the second-important one after Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra in Ukraine. According to the legend, the monastery was founded by monks of Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra, who fled from Tatar invasion in 1240. The first records in chronicles about it are dated back to 1527. In 1597, Pochaeva Lavra obtained a wonder-working icon of the Blessed Virgin, which was brought to Ukraine in 1559 by Bulgarian metropolitan – Neophyte. In 1675, Pochaivs'ka Lavra was besieged by Turkish, but then they suddenly left the town. The prosperity of the monastery falls at the second half of XVII century due to the activities of hegumen Iov Zheleza (1602-1651). From 1730 Pochaev printing house was operating, which printed 187 books. This Lavra is rich in murals, sculptures and ornaments and worth visiting as a healing and holly place.


Kremenets
The tourist site of the Kremenets town is the Castle Hill, and visitors to the castle ruins do not even need tickets. Thousands of people come here to admire the fortress walls and wonderful panorama of the city commanded by the hill. The gothic arc of the entrance gates leads to the castle yard. Once a local television relay tower stood here, but now only the ruins of the fortress walls overlook Kremenets. Also here there was once a well. In the 1530s it was hollowed out in the rock by soldiers of the garrison, because without water it would have been impossible to survive the long hostile besiegement. According to legend this is the well where Bona appears on Easter with the keys. She searches for those to whom she will pass on her underground treasures.
Oh, these old legends...

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